Codes and Policies for Research Ethics
Getting attuned to the codes and policies for research ethics is the first step to carry out a successful research. There are scores of reasons why it is prominent to cling to the basic norms of scientific conduct during academic research. The credibility of the scientific community and the perception of the public to accept and judge new results strongly depends on the authenticity of the results that have been published. Especially when animals or human beings are involved in a study, it becomes utmost important to have a clear distinction between acceptable and unacceptable conduct.
Given the competitive nature of research, it has become exceedingly challenging for scientists to report pioneering and unique research. Nevertheless, some members of research community continue to follow the practice of misreporting data and scientific results.
It is advisable to stave off bias in data analysis, experimental design, peer review, data interpretation, expert testimony, personnel decisions, grant writing, and other aspects of research where objectivity is expected or required. Avoid or minimize bias or self-deception. Disclose personal or financial interests that may affect research.
Strive for honesty in all scientific communications. Honestly report data, results, methods and procedures, and publication status. Do not fabricate, falsify, or misrepresent data. Do not deceive colleagues, research sponsors, or the public.
Strive for consistency of thought and action; act with sincerity; keep your promises and agreements.
Share results, data, tools, ideas, resources. Be receptive to new ideas as well as criticism.
Respect for Intellectual Property
Never plagiarize. Do not use unpublished data, methods, or results without permission. Honor patents, copyrights, and other forms of intellectual property. Give proper acknowledgment or credit for all contributions to research.
Protect confidential communications, such as trade or military secrets, patient records, papers or grants submitted for publication, personnel records.
Publish not to leverage just your own career but in order to advance research and scholarship. Avoid duplicative and wasteful publication.
Respect for colleagues
Needless to say, give respect to your colleagues and treat them fairly.
Help to educate, mentor, and advise students. Allow them to make their own decisions and promote their welfare.
Discrimination on the basis of race, sex, ethnicity, or other factors against students or colleagues should completely be avoided.
Strive to foster social good and prevent or extenuate social harms through advocacy, public education and research.
Know and obey relevant laws and institutional and governmental policies.
It is unavoidably essential to improve and maintain your own professional competence and expertise through lifelong education and learning. Take steps to promote competence in science as a whole.
Treat animals with respect and care when using them in research. It is not advisable to conduct unnecessary or poorly designed animal experiments.
Human Subjects Protection
When conducting research on human subjects, cut down harms and risks and increase benefits; respect privacy, human dignity and autonomy; take special precautions with vulnerable populations, and strive to distribute the benefits and burdens of research fairly.
Codes and policies for research ethics are not just a compendium of rules and regulations necessary to foster research instead it keeps the essence of research alive and prevent researchers adopt fraudulent means.