Scientific Research: A Process to Unmask the Truth
This article aims to make the readers discern that scientific research is indeed a process to unmask the truth. In fact, scientific research liberates us from the clutches of superstition.
This article talks about important components of scientific research that includes peer review, scientific method, statistical significance, and more!
The Nature of Scientific Research
How often did you ask your friend to double-check your essay for mistakes? Did you ever feel the urge to discover a cool new trick?
Well, scientists too love to find out cool new things, write about them and request their peers double-check their work for errors, too. Thatâs the nature of scientific research! Scientific research systematically investigates scientific theories and hypothesis.
Who Does It? Why Do it?
A hypothesis is a single assertion, a proposed explanation of something based on available knowledge, for something yet to be explained. One that is subject to further experimentation.
In science, the people who bring forth such hypothesis are researchers. Mostly researchers work for academic institutions or companies. Those who earn PhD degree are generally drawn to this work. For instance, a person conducting research on a new drug must have a PhD in chemistry â a PhD in geography probably will not do much good.
Anyways, scientific researchers attempt to answer basic questions like how this world works. We all are inquisitive to know about life on other planets. How nice would it be if we never fall sick? Everybody, perhaps, would have thought in their lifetime about a miraculous drug that could prevent aging.
The Scientific Method
Furthermore, scientists do not just come up with arbitrary explanations about the world around us. They put to use scientific method which helps them construct an accurate depiction of our universe and its processes, in order to answer whatever question they may have!
They follow very coherent and organic approach to canvass anything that arouses their curiosity. The research process begins with formulating potential explanations for the phenomena which is observed followed by testing the hypotheses with experiments. Eventually, the results are analyzed to check if they were right or wrong.
Scientific method carries no pre-conceived notions which means you need not to believe on whatever the researcher has said or wrote. Instead using the scientific method, you can repeat the experiment to validate the other researcherâs assertions. This is the key factor that separates science from dogma!
The other inseparable part of scientific research is that a hypothesis must be falsifiable. A falsifiable hypothesis or theory is one where an experiment or another discovery can prove it to be false, wrong, and untrue. This is where science is miles apart from astrology, the world of religion, and pseudoscience. If I were to say that the ghosts exist but remain invisible when humans are around but since it cannot be proven with facts, it is therefore unscientific.
Overall, scientific research encourages people to come up with objective, rational, disprovable and testable questions and methods that help us explain the world and its ever-changing nature. In science, you do not have to trust anything. You are free to test it out for yourself and prove or disprove anything you want in an objective and unbiased manner.
Age-old myths and superstitions have been busted through scientific research so it wonât be an exaggeration to say that scientific research is a process to unmask the truth.